Age-related macular degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration is an acquired degeneration of the retina that causes significant central visual impairment. The differentiation into the wet (exudative) and dry (non-exudative) types of macula degeneration refer to the presence of fluid within the retina and are of significance with respect to the type of potential treatment options.

However both the "wet" and the "dry" are part of the same disease process. A genetic underpinning is inferred from its predilection to those of European ancestry, although environmental, nutritional, and aging processes interact to affect the degeneration observed in the macula.

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